Energy drinks have become extremely popular in modern times. This has proved itself to be true in all aspects of society. It is reported that more than forty percent of military men in service, drink at least one energy drink every single day. This statistic holds true across all races, all age groups, and across various ranks of service. More than ten percent of these people drink more than one drink a day. They have been reported to drink up to three or four energy drinks per day.
This is a truly staggering amount. This is not necessarily recommended. While energy drinks come with some very tangible benefits, such as a high alertness and lots of stamina, there are also some disadvantages. It is reported that people who drink these large amounts of energy drinks daily, tend to suffer from problems with their sleeping patterns. Sleep for people who consume large quantities of energy drinks is reduced by up to four hours of less sleep per night. So there have been reports of disruptions in sleep for people consuming more than two energy drinks per day. This is however not surprising. The entire object of energy drinks is to keep you alert. Naturally if you consume too much of it, you will lose sleep due to being overly alert. For this reason, it is very important to be responsible with how much you consume. The problem with this is that, if you lose sleep your body has to replenish that lost sleep. This means that you have to catch up with this lost sleep, and because you have been overly alert, you are now bound to fall asleep randomly. Soldiers who are heavy drinkers of energy drinks reported that they began to fall asleep during briefings and meetings, and randomly at inopportune moments. For this reason the military is beginning an awareness campaign regarding the excessive use of energy drinks.
There are too many soldiers who are not taking notice of the adverse effects, and only focusing on the fact that they need the extra energy that moment. As anyone can see, a soldier falling asleep on duty or during combat is an exceptionally serious problem. For this reason the indiscriminate use of energy drinks is not encouraged. In the civilian population there is also a high percentage of people who drink energy drinks. However, by comparison to the military population, the percentages are very much lower. In the civilian population people tend to consume about one energy drink per month, whereas in the military it is an average of one per day. This is probably affected by the particular circumstances at play. For example, in the military, energy drinks are provided free of charge during mealtimes, and are made available in the dining halls. No doubt, this contributes greatly to the high use of energy drinks. It is of concern because inadequate sleep has many negative effects on a person’s body. It is feared that this will lead to a general state of poor health.
The internet is an indispensable part of everyday life. Without the internet and the products that are borne of the internet, such as google, our lives would almost come to a halt, so much we have adapted to this relatively new invention. But how did the internet start? The internet was started in the 1960’s. It was invented for the military and the concept was then expanded to become a communication tool. During the period of time that the soviet union still existed, the Cold War was at its peak. It was necessary then to have communications between military computers and university computers. They needed links that could not be disrupted by bombs or by spies. In 1968 ARPANET was created. This acronym stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. And this is how the internet was invented. The internet and its field of computer networking was created from the same concept which was used for the invention of the telephone networks. After all, how do telephones and facsimile’s work?
However, unlike the telephone networks, the internet uses a program of packet switching. The concept of packet switching was not just invented in one place. It was invented by three different and independent research projects. One of the first people involved with this concept of packet switching is MIT graduate Leonard Kleinrock. The work which was done at MIT, NPL, and Rand, is what ultimately laid the foundation for the internet as we know it today. A telephone network uses a system of circuit switching. This means that, when a telephone call is made, two or more telephone lines are connected through a circuit. This type of network requires point to point bonding before there will be a transfer. Also, there is only a single path for connection. The networks constantly need sending and receiving information. Packet switching, which is used in the internet is somewhat different. What packet switching networks do is, they divide data into small blocks. That is, they divide data into small blocks or small packets. Each block, or each packet can take a different path from the other block or packet. This means they can go to different destinations. Once the packet reaches its destination, the packet will be recompiled into the original message. In 1969, during the month of September, the very first packet switched computer network was installed in the United States of America, at the California University of UCLA.
This installation was supervised by Mr Kleinrock himself. More packet switching networks were created soon after that. During the 1980s, there were more than 200 (two hundred) hosts connected to ARPA.net. The number of hosts kept increasing steadily. By the end of the eighties, the number of hosts was one hundred thousand. During 1981 BITNET was established and was used as an email provider. The acronym BITNET stands for Because it’s Time. The internet was quickly transformed from just having an infrastructure for one nation, and became an international phenomenon. During the eighties the French also instigated the use of technology which would bring the same service to their universities.